Last of the Seven Days' Battles of the Peninsula campaign, on July 1, 1862, Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan's army retreated to the James River and defended the strong natural position of Malvern Hill against Gen. Robert E. Lee's assaults. While the Army of the Potomac continued its retreat, it inflicted great losses on the disorganized Confederate forces with well-placed artillery.
Brandy Station, Virginia | On June 9, 1863, the Gettysburg campaign began when Union cavalry surprised J.E.B. Stuart's troopers in what was to be the largest cavalry battle ever fought in North America.
Rapidan, Virginia | On August 9, 1862, numerically superior Confederates under "Stonewall" Jackson nearly suffered defeat at the hands of a small Union force commanded by Nathaniel Banks until a counterattack by A.P. Hill led the Southerners to victory.